Vitamin K plays a vital role in the coagulation of the blood in the body, which is essentially the process by which blood changes states from liquid into a gel. When people cut themselves, vitamin K facilitates blood coagulation and stops bleeding. It then promotes appropriate healing of damaged blood vessels.
Newborns are born equipped with a small amount of vitamin K stored in their bodies. However, this source of the vitamin is quickly depleted in the first few days subsequent to being born. Once breastfeeding commences, the infant will begin to build up their own supply of vitamin K. A deficiency of vitamin K in a newborn at birth can place the child in a precarious situation provided the child sustains a cut or injury that causes bleeding. Blood coagulation is hard to achieve with a deficiency of vitamin K.
Additionally, newborn babies may be at risk for excessive bleeding due to a vitamin K deficiency. Although a rare condition, vitamin k occurs in every 10,000 newborns. That’s why it’s suggested that vitamin K be supplemented in newborns. This source of the vitamin will promote their safety until they are able to generate their own source of vitamin K.
As a wise safeguard, we suggest providing vitamin K supplements to all babies directly after they are born. Vitamin K can be injected or can be achieved by oral supplementation. newborn infants should take vitamin k supplements at birth is a common topic of debate. Those who think vitamin K supplementation in infants is a smart idea believe this is the case, because it can prevent dire consequences stemming from bleeding caused by the deficiency even though this is not a very common occurrence.
Those who have are not keen on vitamin k supplementation in babies are against it because babies who are not at risk may be receiving excess vitamin k that they don’t need. The worry that excessive vitamins might cause undue harm. They feel that a vitamin K injection or oral administration of the vitamin is risky and an unnecessary defense against an uncommon deficiency.
The most important reason for the utilization of vitamin k supplements is when considering research conducted on the benefits of the vitamin. Studies have concluded that a potential connection between newborns receiving vitamin injections and the development of cancer during childhood exists. However, more contemporary studies are beginning to show that this is highly unlikely.
The Side Effects
Side effects related to the receipt of vitamin K by injection in infants are possible infection coupled with bruising at the site of injection. Be mindful that often parents find discomfort with the notion of their infant being injected so shortly after they have been born.
Whether a newborn a vitamin K supplementation should invariably be the decision of the child’s parents. Keep in mind that this quick and relatively simple intervention is geared aimed at preventing a potentially serious deficiency that could have dire consequences.
If parents make a decision to not supplement their child with vitamin k, they should have all the facts regarding early indicators of vitamin K deficiency. This is vital in ensuring your baby receives prompt and appropriate treatment as soon as possible provided a problem ensues with regard to a vitamin deficiency.
Vitamin K Deficiency Related Bleeding
Bleeding when experiencing a vitamin K deficiency typically afflicts babies who are in the initial six months of life. If a newborn acquires this condition, it may have umbilical cord bleeding problems. The baby can also experience bleeding from the nose or excessive bruising. Some babies can also suffer from jaundiced skin for an atypically lengthy period.
Further, their urine can present as dark brown and their feces may present as a pale or grey hued substance. This condition is most common during the initial week subsequent to birth, but it can also occur at a later time. If symptoms of this deficiency are diagnosed in the the first week of life, it can be treated with a good prognosis. When the onset occurs subsequent to the first week after birth, it presents the likelihood that the condition is related to liver disease or with the absorption of vitamin K.
Life Threatening Vitamin K Deficiency
Some children are at higher risk than others when considering the development of bleeding due to vitamin K deficiency. These babies are primarily those who were born premature and those who have experienced a birth utilizing forceps or a ventouse. Utilization of these childbirth birth devices are accompanied by a risk of bruising the child. Additionally, babies born to mothers treated with certain types of pharmaceuticals during pregnancy can be at risk, particularly when a mother takes medicines to treat epilepsy.